One of the most uncommon types of cancer is the anal cancer. You guessed – it disrupts the anal canal. Even though this type of cancer does not come with many specific symptoms, bleeding may be considered as a sign. But, people usually mistake the bleeding for hemorrhoids (swollen veins in the rectum that bleed).
Type of Cancer
Besides, there are some symptoms which are found important for discovering the anal cancer. Those are rectal itching and bleeding, feeling of fullness, a lump or pain in the anal area, abnormal discharge of the anus, and swollen lymph nodes in the anal area.
In most cases these disruptions are caused by a benign issue, such as warts, hemorrhoids, anal fissures. Nonetheless, if you find yourself having these symptoms, go to a doctor in order to diagnose you and continue with a proper treatment.
How does the risk of getting anal cancer increase? First, there is the matter of older age. Most of the people suffering from this condition are older than 50 years.
Second, there is the issue of multiple sexual partners. The more sexual partners, the higher risk of developing anal cancer. The same goes for anal sex. Following, we have the HPV (human papilloma virus).
It is of course, a sexually transmitted disease and other than increasing your risk in developing cancer, it also contributes in creating genital warts.
Furthermore, people with various health conditions, or taing drugs to suppress their immune system also have an increased risk of anal cancer. Finally, cigarettes are a bad factor and contribute to the same risk too.
Of course, as any other type of cancer, if detected in an early stage, then it would be easier to treat it. There are some procedures through which it is treated, and here they are:
- Endoscopy – this is a small tube with camera at the end in order to examine the inside of the body. This can be used as a tool to get biopsy samples from the canal. For these kind of tests, you either bend over the table or lie on the side on the table, with your knees bent to your chest.
- Anoscopy – for this procedure, a doctor uses a tube, about 4 inches long and 1 inch in diameter, with a light at the end of it. After coating it with lubricant the doctor inserts it into the anus. When the tube is in the the light is on, the doctor can see the situation more clearly. This is not a painful exam.
- Digital rectal exam – this is when a doctor puts on a glove, then a lubricant on it and examines the anal cavity with fingers.
- Finally, the CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, ultrasounds, x-rays, are all here to help with the detection of the anal cancer.