We all know that it is common for the eye to twitch, tic or spasm from time to time. Is is more common for the bottom eyelid to be involved in this, but the top eyelid can twitch too.
Everyone get this at some point of their lives, and it does not last very long. Though, it has happened to last for several days or months.
When it comes to this condition, there are some factors that may cause it, such as alcohol, stress, wind, fatigue, smoking, bright light, excess use of caffeine, physical exertion or irritation of the surface of the inner eyelid.
These twitches are painless and harmless but can be extremely annoying, especially if they are so strong that the eyelids shut completely and then open again.
These twitches can sometimes cause distress in the every day life, for they can last for a longer period of time.
Very rarely, but it is still possible for the twitching to be a sign of a nerve or brain disorder. But, when the eye twitches in these cases, it is mostly accompanied with some other symptoms:
- Dystonia – unexpected muscle spasms
- Cervical dystonia – it causes the neck to spasm very randomly and turns the head in uncomfortable positions
- Bell’s palsy – a condition in which one side of the face sags down
- Tourette’s syndrome – verbal tics and involuntary movements
- Parkinson’s disease – stiffness of the muscles, trembling of the limbs, difficulty when speaking and balance problems
- Multiple sclerosis – fatigue, cognitive and movement problems
Twitching can be also caused by corneal scratches, so if this happens, see your eye doctor immediately, for it may cause permanent damage of the eye.
When the eyelid twitch is an emergency – if your upper eyelid is drooping, if your eye is red, has unusual discharge or is swollen, the twitching continues for a longer period of time and other parts of your face starts to twitch too. This is when you know you need to consult with a medical person immediately.
How to treat the twitches – drink less caffeine and alcohol, apply a warm cloth over the eye when the spasm happens, use eye drops and get enough sleep. These are the ways with which you can improve the situation or even make it disappear.
Some lifestyle treatments can also help with this condition. These include massage therapy, nutrition therapy, hypnosis, biofeedback, tai chi, acupuncture, psychotherapy, yoga and other meditation forms.