Bitter melon, otherwise known as karela, is one of the healthiest fruits on the planet. Due to its rich nutritional value, this fruit is one of the most powerful natural medicines which can treat numerous health conditions.
It is a great source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, C and K, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, sodium, dietary fiber, and folic acid.
This fruit is helpful in improving the immune system, in promoting liver detoxification, and in boosting the weight loss process. Recent studies have proven that bitter melon is effective in fighting against diabetes and cancerous diseases.
Bitter Melon Treats Diabetes
Various scientists have shown that bitter melon can treat diabetes due to its content of three major components, vicine, charantin, and polypeptide-p. These three components were identified as hypoglycemic agents.
A study, published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, concluded that, because of its vicine content, the consumption of 2000mg of bitter melon on a daily basis reduces the level of glucose in type 2 diabetes patients.
Another research proved that charantin is more potent in treating diabetes that the oral hypoglycemic drug tolbutamide. The polypeptide-p is proven to be beneficial for reducing the blood glucose levels.
This hypoglycemic protein can be used as an insulin replacement in type 1 diabetes patients because of its similarity to the action of the insulin in a human’s body.
Bitter Melon Kills Breast and Pancreatic Cancer Cells
A number of scientists have concluded that the bitter melon can destroy cancer cells and, that it can prevent them from further spreading. This fruit has been proven to be very effective in eliminating the side effects caused by chemotherapy.
The bitter melon is found to be helpful in treating colon, prostate, lung and liver cancer, as well as neuroblastoma and leukemia. According to the latest studies, this plant is also successful in treating breast and pancreatic cancer.
According to the results of a recent study, the bitter melon can cure breast cancer. The scientists tested human breast cancer cells which were exposed to bitter melon extract.
They confirmed that the melon extract is effective in promoting an apoptotic death of the breast cancer cells. Apart from its ability to destroy cancer cells and to prevent them from spreading, the melon extract is successful in preventing an occurrence of this disease.
A study, from the University of Colorado Cancer Center, showed that the bitter melon is effective in treating pancreatic cancer.
The study arrived at a conclusion that the bitter melon extract has an ability to destroy pancreatic cancer cells since it reduces the glucose metabolism in these cells.
This extract is beneficial for pancreatic cancer prevention because it positively affects type 2 diabetes. This disease is noted to be a predecessor of pancreatic cancer.